Holy days and nineteen day feasts

The Baha'i year consists of 19 months of 19 days each (361 days), with the addition of Intercalary Days (four in ordinary and five in leap years) between the eighteenth and nineteenth months to adjust the calendar to the solar year. The months are named after the attributes of God.

Holy days

Ayyam-i-ha or Intercalary Days

(Feb. 26-March 1): These days are devoted to the spiritual preparation for the Fast, celebrating, hospitality, charity and gift giving.

Naw-Ruz (March 21):

The Baha'i New Year's Day coincides with the spring equinox. Naw-Ruz is an ancient Persian festival celebrating the new day and for Baha'is it marks the end of the annual 19-Day Fast.

Festival of Ridvan (April 21-May 2):

The annual Baha'i festival commemorates the 12 days (April 21-May 2, 1863) when Baha'u'llah, the founder of the Bahaii Faith, resided in a garden called Ridvan (Paradise) in Baghdad, Iraq. At this time He publicly proclaimed His mission as God's messenger for this age. Declaration of the Bab (May 23): On May 23 1844 the Bab, the herald of the Baha'i Faith, announced in Shiraz, Persia (now Iran), that he was the herald of a new messenger of God.

Ascension of Baha'u'llah (May 29):

Baha'is observe the anniversary of the death in exile of Baha'u'llah, the founder of the Baha'i Faith, on May 29, 1892.

Martyrdom of the Bab (July 9):

The holy day commemorates the anniversary of the execution of the Bab (Siyyid Ali-Muhammad), the herald of the Baha'i Faith in 1850.

Birth of the Bab (Oct. 20):

The day is an observance of the anniversary of the birth on Oct. 20, 1819, in Shiraz, Persia (now Iran), of Siyyid Ali-Muhammad, who later took the title of 'the Bab,' meaning 'the Gate.'

Birth of Baha'u'llah (Nov. 12):

Baha'is observe the anniversary of the birth of Baha'u'llah (born Mirza Husayn-Ali) on Nov. 12, 1817, in Tehran, Persia (now Iran). Baha'u'llah, which means the 'Glory of God,' is the founder of the Baha'i Faith.

Day of the Covenant (Nov. 26):

The festival commemorates Baha'u'llah's appointment of his eldest son, Abdu'l-Baha, as the Center of His Covenant.

Ascension of Abdu'l-Baha (Nov 28):

Baha'is observe the anniversary of the death of Abdu'l-Baha, son of Baha'u'llah and His appointed succesor, on Nov 28, 1921 in Haifa, in what is now northern Israel.

Nineteen day feasts

The Nineteen Day Feasts are regular community gatherings, occurring on the first day of each month of the Baha'i calendar. Each gathering consists of a Devotional, Administrative, and Social part. The Nineteen Day Feast serves to increase the unity of the community, and spiritually uplift the community members by having a devotional program, where readings and prayers from the Baha'i holy writings are shared, and a social program where community members can socialize.